Menstruation is a normal physiological condition during the fertile period of a woman. Menstruation is part of the reproductive function of humans and most women are well adopted to regular flow. However, some women experience abnormal cycle which can affect their life style. In this article, we discuss about the common menstrual disorders and few natural Ayurvedic home remedies.

Common Menstrual Disorders :

There are three main categories of complaints in patients with menstrual disorders. In medical terms they are called as, Oligomenorrhea,  Menorrhagia and Dysmenorrhea. Oligomenorrhea refers to infrequent and light menstrual bleeding and Menorrhagia is excessive and prolonged bleeding. Patients with severe lower abdominal pain during the menstruation falls into the condition called, Dysmenorrhea. Normally menstrual bleeding lasts 3-5 days and the amount of blood is roughly around 10 pads per cycle, or otherwise 25 ml to 80 ml loss of blood. Not only the amount, duration, frequency and other characteristics of menstrual bleeding such as, colour, appearance, odour, and presence of pieces of tissues are also important to know when assessing the patient. The physician will also try to find out the important general symptoms that could be associated with disorder of menstruation.

Common causes of these menstrual problems:

Mainly the causes falls in to three categories. One category is structural diseases of the reproductive tract. For instance, Fibroids in the uterus ( a type of tumor in the womb), cancers of uterus, cervix and ovaries are few common and important complication in this group. The second category, Functional diseases occur due to hormonal imbalances affecting the regular and normal menstruation. Most of the time we call them as, dysfunctional bleeding. The third category is, General medical conditions, which include thyroid diseases and bleeding disorders.

Advice for women with painful menstrual bleeding (Dysmenorrhoea)

Painful menstrual bleeding can affect woman's life style and it is also one of the most common menstrual disorders. Dysmenorrhoea has an estimated prevalence of 45-95% in  women. The excessive pain during the periods can cause profound impact on one's daily activities and may result in missing school or work. However, early puberty, nulliparity [no children], positive family history, depression, anxiety, smoking either passive smoking can be some of the risk factors that initiate pain in the pelvic region of the body. The most accepted theory is that this pain is caused by a substance called, Prostaglandins, synthesized by the uterine tissues.  Other than the pain in the pelvic region, leg pain, backache, diarrhoea, headache may also can occur. Many of the menstrual disorders can be controlled with reliable and safe natural therapy. A mild Dysmenorrhoea can be relived at home by resting, taking warm water bath, massaging lower abdomen, increasing intake of water, avoiding spicy and oily food, and reducing intake of meat. It is also advisable to add fresh fruits and vegetables to daily diet. Boiled Coriander water is also a good remedy for Dysmenorrhoea. You can start having half a glass of coriander water even before the start of period for better results as it has a very good menstrual pain relieving effect.

Advice for women with scanty or infrequent menstruation:

If this is the first time delayed periods, then it is important to exclude a pregnancy before any treatment. If there are other changes in the body and this is happening after established regular period, then it is advisable to get a medical check up. Following treatments will be useful for those women those who are having oligomenorrhoea without significant underlying disease. In Ayurveda, treatment for scantly bleeding aims at correcting the volume of blood in the body. Shathaveri Kanji is a recommended and effective treatment of enhancing production of blood in the body. Preparation of  Shathaveri kanji: Take "Shathaveri" (In Sinhalese it is called Hathawariya) leaves and blend them to extract the juice. Cook rice separately with adequate water. Add the extracted "Shathaveri" juice to the rice with  garlic, red onion, pepper and correct amount of coconut milk. Cook it further for 5-10minutes. You can add salts to taste. Daily intake of "Shathaveriya Kanji" will help to raise your blood volume. Other measurements to increase blood volume in the body: Boil "Sathakuppa" in water and drink half a glass of  boiled "Sathakuppa" twice a day. Also, add garlic and curd to your regular meals.

Advice for women with excessive menstruation:

It is always important to consult a doctor to exclude serious conditions associated with heavy menstruation. This may need a physical examination and few radiological and blood tests. If there are any underlying problems, then those should be treated accordingly. Despite the medical treatment, it is important to have a diet rich in nutrients such as, milk, fish, honey, kohila (Lasia spinosa) and lotus roots (Nelum dandu). These food are recommended for ladies with heavy periods. I have tried to summarize causes and home remedies of menstrual disorders in this article. If  you have any concerns, questions or need further clarifications,  do not hesitate to leave as a comment. I will be glad to help with the answers with best of my knowledge!

Thilini Abeypala

Ayurvedic Doctor by profession, Thilini enjoys sharing her knowledge in Ayurveda Medicine with Lanka Help Magazine readers.

About the author

Ayurvedic Doctor by profession, Thilini enjoys sharing her knowledge in Ayurveda Medicine with Lanka Help Magazine readers.

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7 Comments

  1. Gimhani

    This is a really useful article. Now I know there are Ayurveda medications for problematic periods. I also get horrible periods which make me to do nothing. I will try few of your given home remedies for menstrual problems. 

    • Thilini Abeypala

      Thank you,.It is important you follow the medication as well as proper dietary suppliments.Let us know the results

  2. Sandakalum

    Are there any alternatives to Shathavariya leaves. I have seen Shathawariya contaning ayurveda products. Even in some of the online Ayurveda stores have lot of shathawariya products. if there is anything like that it will be helpful for people who are living abroad who find it hard to find Shathawariya leaves. 

    • Thilini Abeypala

      There are many products available which includes shathaveri as an ingredient.But in this matter it is important that you use pure shathaveri leaves as it produces estrogen in a woman’s body

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    Charuni
  4. Shash

    i think i was getting fat after having these kind of menstruation soo i need an advice for this

  5. Karen White

    Your blog provided us beneficial information. You have done a outstanding job! Your thought processing for health is wonderful. The way you tell the thing is awesome. M2 tone tablet is a very effective ayurvedic medicine for irregular menstrual cycles. My friend using this medicine for long time and i recommend it. You can get details of this medicine here:

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