Menstruation is a normal physiological condition during the fertile period of a woman. Menstruation is part of the reproductive function of humans and most women are well adopted to regular flow. However, some women experience abnormal cycle which can affect their life style. In this article, we discuss about the common menstrual disorders and few natural Ayurvedic home remedies.
Common Menstrual Disorders :
There are three main categories of complaints in patients with menstrual disorders. In medical terms they are called as, Oligomenorrhea, Menorrhagia and Dysmenorrhea
refers to infrequent and light menstrual bleeding and Menorrhagia
is excessive and prolonged bleeding. Patients with severe lower abdominal pain during the menstruation falls into the condition called, Dysmenorrhea
Normally menstrual bleeding lasts 3-5 days and the amount of blood is roughly around 10 pads per cycle, or otherwise 25 ml to 80 ml loss of blood. Not only the amount, duration, frequency and other characteristics of menstrual bleeding such as, colour, appearance, odour, and presence of pieces of tissues are also important to know when assessing the patient. The physician will also try to find out the important general symptoms that could be associated with disorder of menstruation.
Common causes of these menstrual problems:
Mainly the causes falls in to three categories. One category is structural diseases
of the reproductive tract. For instance, Fibroids in the uterus
( a type of tumor in the womb), cancers of uterus, cervix and ovaries are few common and important complication in this group. The second category, Functional diseases
occur due to hormonal imbalances affecting the regular and normal menstruation. Most of the time we call them as, dysfunctional bleeding. The third category is, General medical conditions
, which include thyroid diseases and bleeding disorders.
Advice for women with painful menstrual bleeding (Dysmenorrhoea)
Painful menstrual bleeding can affect woman's life style and it is also one of the most common menstrual disorders. Dysmenorrhoea has an estimated prevalence of 45-95% in women. The excessive pain during the periods can cause profound impact on one's daily activities and may result in missing school or work. However, early puberty, nulliparity [no children], positive family history, depression, anxiety, smoking either passive smoking can be some of the risk factors that initiate pain in the pelvic region of the body. The most accepted theory is that this pain is caused by a substance called, Prostaglandins, synthesized by the uterine tissues. Other than the pain in the pelvic region, leg pain, backache, diarrhoea, headache may also can occur.
Many of the menstrual disorders can be controlled with reliable and safe natural therapy. A mild Dysmenorrhoea can be relived at home by resting, taking warm water bath, massaging lower abdomen, increasing intake of water, avoiding spicy and oily food, and reducing intake of meat. It is also advisable to add fresh fruits and vegetables to daily diet. Boiled Coriander water is also a good remedy for Dysmenorrhoea. You can start having half a glass of coriander water even before the start of period for better results as it has a very good menstrual pain relieving effect.
Advice for women with scanty or infrequent menstruation:
If this is the first time delayed periods, then it is important to exclude a pregnancy before any treatment. If there are other changes in the body and this is happening after established regular period, then it is advisable to get a medical check up. Following treatments will be useful for those women those who are having oligomenorrhoea without significant underlying disease. In Ayurveda, treatment for scantly bleeding aims at correcting the volume of blood in the body. Shathaveri Kanji is a recommended and effective treatment of enhancing production of blood in the body.
Preparation of Shathaveri kanji:
Take "Shathaveri" (In Sinhalese it is called Hathawariya
) leaves and blend them to extract the juice.
Cook rice separately with adequate water.
Add the extracted "Shathaveri" juice to the rice with garlic, red onion, pepper and correct amount of coconut milk. Cook it further for 5-10minutes. You can add salts to taste. Daily intake of "Shathaveriya Kanji" will help to raise your blood volume.
Other measurements to increase blood volume in the body:
Boil "Sathakuppa" in water and drink half a glass of boiled "Sathakuppa" twice a day. Also, add garlic and curd to your regular meals.
Advice for women with excessive menstruation:
It is always important to consult a doctor to exclude serious conditions associated with heavy menstruation. This may need a physical examination and few radiological and blood tests. If there are any underlying problems, then those should be treated accordingly. Despite the medical treatment, it is important to have a diet rich in nutrients such as, milk, fish, honey, kohila (Lasia spinosa
) and lotus roots (Nelum dandu
). These food are recommended for ladies with heavy periods.
I have tried to summarize causes and home remedies of menstrual disorders in this article. If you have any concerns, questions or need further clarifications, do not hesitate to leave as a comment. I will be glad to help with the answers with best of my knowledge!
Ayurvedic Doctor by profession, Thilini enjoys sharing her knowledge in Ayurveda Medicine with Lanka Help Magazine readers.
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